Opened in 1992, just a year after Lithuania regained independence following 50 years of Soviet occupation, this chilling museum (known until recently as the Museum of Genocide Victims) is housed in the former headquarters of the KGB – and, during the three years of Nazi occupation, the Gestapo. The upper floors, once the KGB administration and operation offices, now contain exhibits charting life under the occupation, detailing the KGB’s methods of repression, deportations to hard labour camps and the actions of the resistance movement. In the basement are the prison cells, including torture rooms and an execution chamber. Visitors to Vilnius may not want to see this museum, but they should, in order to fully appreciate what this country went through in the 20th century and be reminded just what human beings are capable of – both in unleashing tyranny and resisting it.
Museum of Occupations and Freedom FightsA necessary but chilling reminder of Lithuania's tumultuous recent history
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Address: Aukų g. 2A, Vilnius 01400, Lithuania
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